Updated: 11/18/2015

Cardiac Tumors

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Topic
Review Topic
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Evidence
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Topic
Myxoma
  • Overview
    • MC primary cardiac tumor in adults
    • 90% occur in the atria
    • diagnosis with trans-esophageal ultrasound
  • Pathology
    • usually described as a "ball-valve" obstruction in the mitral valve orifice
    • sessile or pedunculated
  • Presenation
    • non-specific (flu-like symptoms)
  • Complications
    • syncopal episodes
      • due to tumor obstructing the mitral valve
    • embolization 
Rhabdomyoma
  • Overview
    • MC primary cardiac tumor in children
      • associated with tuberous sclerosis
 
Metastasis
  • MC than primary tumors of the heart
    • examples
      • melanoma
      • lymphoma
      • lung cancer

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