Updated: 12/29/2021

Cardiac Tumors

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  • Myxoma
    • Overview
      • MC primary cardiac tumor in adults
      • 90% occur in the atria
      • diagnosis with trans-esophageal ultrasound
    • Pathology
      • usually described as a "ball-valve" obstruction in the mitral valve orifice
      • sessile or pedunculated
    • Presenation
      • non-specific (flu-like symptoms)
    • Complications
      • syncopal episodes
        • due to tumor obstructing the mitral valve
      • embolization¬†
  • Rhabdomyoma
    • Overview
      • MC primary cardiac tumor in children
        • associated with tuberous sclerosis
  • Metastasis
    • MC than primary tumors of the heart
      • examples
      • melanoma
      • lymphoma
      • lung cancer

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