4.7 of 3 Ratings
A 16-year-old boy is brought to the emergency department following a car accident in which he suffered multiple injuries. He is accompanied by his mother. She reports that his medical history is notable only for recurrent sinusitis and otitis as a child. He lost a significant amount of blood from the accident, and he is transfused two units of O-negative blood on arrival at the emergency department. Shortly thereafter, he complains of itching and increasing shortness of breath. He develops stridor. Which of the following could have prevented this reaction?
Administering type-specific blood
Administering IVIG with transfusion
Administering washed blood products
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An 18-year-old man presents to a rural emergency department after being stabbed multiple times. The patient's past medical history is notable for obesity, diabetes, chronic upper respiratory infections, a 10 pack-year smoking history, and heart failure. He is protecting his airway and he is oxygenating and ventilating well. His temperature is 97.6°F (36.4°C), blood pressure is 74/34 mmHg, pulse is 180/min, respirations are 24/min, and oxygen saturation is 98% on room air. The patient is started on whole blood and the surgeon on call is contacted to take the patient to the operating room. During the secondary survey, the patient complains of shortness of breath. His blood pressure is 54/14 mmHg, pulse is 200/min, respirations are 24/min, and oxygen saturation is 90% on room air. Physical exam is notable for bilateral wheezing on lung exam. The patient goes into cardiac arrest and after 30 minutes, attempts at resuscitation are terminated. Which of the following is associated with this patient's decompensation during resuscitation?
Congenital long QT syndrome
Persistent intraabdominal bleeding