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A 7-month-old male child is brought into your office for recent rhinorrhea and cough. The mother states that the child has had mild fevers of up to 100.7 F over the last three days along with clear nasal discharge, and a nonproductive cough, but the child has been working harder to breathe over the last day. The mother states the child was vaccinated for the flu one month ago. His vitals are significant for a temperature of 100.9F and his physical exam is significant for intercostal retractions along with expiratory wheezing. What is the most likely organism responsible?
Influenza A virus
Respiratory syncytial virus
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A 16-month-old male patient, with no significant past medical history, is brought into the emergency department for the second time in 5 days with tachypnea, expiratory wheezes and hypoxia. The patient presented to the emergency department initially due to rhinorrhea, fever and cough. He was treated with nasal suctioning and discharged home. The mother states that, over the past 5 days, the patient has started breathing faster with chest retractions. His vital signs are significant for a temperature of 100.7 F, respiratory rate of 45 and oxygen saturation of 90%. What is the most appropriate treatment for this patient?
Humidified oxygen, racemic epinephrine and intravenous (IV) dexamethasone
Albuterol, ipratropium and IV methylprednisolone
Intubation and IV cefuroxime
IV cefotaxime and IV vancomycin
Nasal suctioning, oxygen therapy and IV fluids
A mother brings her 6-month-old boy to the emergency department. She reports that her son has been breathing faster than usual for the past 2 days, and she has noted occasional wheezing. She states that prior to the difficulty breathing, she noticed some clear nasal discharge for several days. The infant was born full-term, with no complications, and no significant medical history. His temperature is 100°F (37.8°C), blood pressure is 60/30 mmHg, pulse is 120/min, respirations are 40/min, and oxygen saturation is 95% on room air. Physical exam reveals expiratory wheezing, crackles diffusely, and intercostal retractions. The child is currently playing with toys. Which of the following is the most appropriate next step in management?
Azithromycin and ceftriaxone
A 6-month-old male presents for a routine visit to his pediatrician. Two months ago, the patient was seen for tachypnea and wheezing, and diagnosed with severe respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) bronchiolitis. After admission to the hospital and supportive care, the patient recovered and currently is not experiencing any trouble breathing. Regarding the possibility of future reactive airway disease, which of the following statements is most accurate?
“Your child’s risk of asthma is the same as the general population.”
“There is no clear relationship between RSV and the development of asthma.”
“Your child has a less than 5% chance of developing asthma”
“Your child has a greater than 20% chance of developing asthma”
“Your child’s risk of asthma is less than the general population.”
A 3-month-old boy is brought to the emergency room by his mother for 2 days of difficulty breathing. He was born at 35 weeks gestation but has otherwise been healthy. She noticed a cough and some trouble breathing in the setting of a runny nose. His temperature is 100°F (37.8°C), blood pressure is 64/34 mmHg, pulse is 140/min, respirations are 39/min, and oxygen saturation is 93% on room air. Pulmonary exam is notable for expiratory wheezing and crackles throughout and intercostal retractions. Oral mucosa is noted to be dry. Which of the following is the most appropriate diagnostic test?
No further testing needed
Polymerase chain reaction