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A 30-year-old G4P3 woman at 38 weeks gestation is admitted to the labor and delivery unit complaining of contractions every 5 minutes for the past hour. Her previous births have been via uncomplicated caesarean sections, but she wishes to attempt vaginal delivery this time. Her prenatal care is notable for gestational diabetes controlled with diet and exercise. The delivery is prolonged, but the patient's pain is controlled with epidural analgesia. She delivers a male infant with Apgar scores of 8 and 9 at 1 and 5 minutes, respectively. Fundal massage is performed, but the placenta does not pass. The obstetrician manually removes the placenta, but a red mass protrudes through the vagina attached to the placenta. The patient loses 500 mL of blood over the next minute, during which her blood pressure decreases from 120/80 mmHg to 90/65 mmHg. What is the best next step in management?
Uterine artery ligation
Elevate posterior fornix
Red blood cell transfusion
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A 22-year-old G4P2 at 35 weeks gestation presents to the hospital after she noticed that "her water broke." Her prenatal course is unremarkable, but her obstetric history includes postpartum hemorrhage after her third pregnancy, attributed to a retained placenta. The patient undergoes augmentation of labor with oxytocin and within four hours delivers a male infant with Apgar scores of 8 and 9 at 1 and 5 minutes, respectively. Three minutes later, the placenta passes the vagina, but a smooth mass attached to the placenta continues to follow. Her temperature is 98.6°F (37°C), blood pressure is 110/70 mmHg, pulse is 90/min, and respirations are 20/min. What is the most likely complication in the absence of intervention?
A 31-year-old G6P6 woman with a history of fibroids gives birth to twins via vaginal delivery. Her pregnancy was uneventful, and she reported having good prenatal care. Both placentas are delivered immediately after the birth. The patient continues to bleed significantly over the next 20 minutes. Her temperature is 97.0°F (36.1°C), blood pressure is 124/84 mmHg, pulse is 95/min, respirations are 16/min, and oxygen saturation is 98% on room air. Continued vaginal bleeding is noted. Which of the following is the most appropriate initial step in management?
Blood product transfusion
Uterine artery embolization