Updated: 12/27/2021

Gender Dysphoria

Review Topic
  • Snapshot
    • Your patient is a 15-year-old male who is brought in by his parents because his father feels like something is not right with his son. According to the parents, the boy used to play with items classically intended for girls (dolls) and insists on wearing girls clothing and makeup. Concerned, you interview the patient and find that he verbally insists on being a female and feels at times that he does not fit in as a male. He seems to demonstrate a strong preference for being a female, and this has persisted throughout his life.
  • Introduction
    • Clinical definition
      • discomfort with one's genetic sex
      • neither a sexual dysfunction nor a paraphilia
      • diagnosed clinically by mental health providers
      • "strong desire to be of the other gender," is the specific wording used in diagnosing children
  • Epidemiology
    • Most frequently in young men
    • Associated conditions
      • depression
      • anxiety
      • substance abuse
      • personality disorders
  • Presentation
    • Symptoms
      • dressing in opposite gender's clothes
      • taking hormones to change voice
      • concealing secondary sex characteristics
      • strong preference to be another gender
  • Treatment
    • Psychotherapy
      • supportive
      • family counseling
    • Surgical
      • sexual reassignment in some cases
    • Endocrine
      • hormonal therapy (testosterone, estrogen)
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