4.2 of 9 Ratings
A 52-year-old man presents to his primary care physician for generalized pain. The patient states that he feels like his muscles and bones are in constant pain. This has persisted for the past several weeks, and his symptoms have not improved with use of ibuprofen or acetaminophen. The patient has a past medical history of alcohol abuse, repeat episodes of pancreatitis, constipation, and anxiety. He has a 22 pack-year smoking history. His temperature is 99.5°F (37.5°C), blood pressure is 140/95 mmHg, pulse is 70/min, respirations are 15/min, and oxygen saturation is 99% on room air. On physical exam, you note generalized tenderness/pain of the patient's extremities. Abdominal exam reveals normoactive bowel sounds and is non-tender. Dermatologic exam is unremarkable. Laboratory values are ordered as seen below.Hemoglobin: 12 g/dL Hematocrit: 36% Leukocyte count: 7,500/mm^3 with normal differential Platelet count: 147,000/mm^3 Serum: Na+: 138 mEq/L Cl-: 100 mEq/L K+: 4.2 mEq/L HCO3-: 24 mEq/L BUN: 20 mg/dL Glucose: 99 mg/dL Creatinine: 1.0 mg/dL Ca2+: 10.2 mg/dLAlkaline phosphatase: 252 U/LLipase: 30 U/LAST: 12 U/L ALT: 10 U/LWhich of the following is associated with this patient's condition?
Bence Jones proteins
Adenocarcinoma of the gallbladder
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A 52-year-old man presents to the emergency department after a motor vehicle collision. The patient is complaining only of left hip pain which has been ongoing for the past 6-8 months. His temperature is 98.5°F (36.9°C), blood pressure is 137/88 mm Hg, pulse is 95/min, respirations are 17/min, and oxygen saturation is 98% on room air. Examination of the left hip reveals mild crepitus, appropriate range of motion, adequate distal sensation, and palpable posterior tibial and dorsalis pedis pulses. A CT scan is ordered as seen in Figure A. Labs demonstrate an alkaline phosphatase of 876 U/L with a normal vitamin D and parathyroid hormone level (PTH). Which of the following is the most likely underlying etiology of this patient's symptoms?
Paget disease of the bone
A 67-year-old male presents with left hip pain. Examination reveals mild effusions in both knees, with crepitus in both patellofemoral joints. He states his hearing has worsened recently and that he feels like his hats don't fit anymore. Bone scan reveals diffuse uptake in the calvarium, right proximal femur, and left ilium. Which of the following laboratory abnormalities would be expected in this patient?
Decreased serum alkaline phosphatase
Increased serum alkaline phosphatase
Decreased serum parathyroid hormone
Increased serum parathyroid hormone
Increased serum calcium
A 63-year-old male presents to his family physician with a chief complaint of right knee and hip pain as well as pain in his left upper arm. He also reports frequent headaches and notes that he has had to adjust the headband on his favorite baseball cap to a larger size after it began feeling tight earlier this year. His wife, who accompanied the patient to the visit, complains that his hearing has deteriorated noticeably over the past several months. Physical examination shows bilateral knee effusions as well as tenderness to palpation of the left shoulder as well as the right hip and lower leg. Serologic testing reveals an elevated alkaline phosphate level but normal vitamin D, calcium, and PTH. A bone scan is conducted which is demonstrated in Figure A. Which of the following is the first-line treatment of this patient's condition?
69-year-old man with no significant past medical history except for hypertension receives an X-ray of his skull (Figure A) after his car was rear-ended in a parking lot resulting in neck soreness. No fracture but what is the likely diagnosis of this incidental finding?
Paget’s disease (osteitis deformans)
Osteitis fibrosa cystica