4.5 of 2 Ratings
A 27 year-old-male presents to the Emergency Room as a code trauma after being shot in the neck. En route, the patient’s blood pressure is 127/73 mmHg, pulse is 91/min, respirations are 14/min, and oxygen saturation is 100% on room air with GCS of 15. On physical exam, the patient is in no acute distress; however, there is an obvious entry point with oozing blood near the left lateral neck above the cricoid cartilage with a small hematoma that is non-pulsatile and stable since arrival. The rest of the physical exam is unremarkable. Rapid hemoglobin returns back at 14.1 g/dL. After initial resuscitation, what is the next best step in management?
Plain radiography films
Bedside neck exploration
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A 45-year-old female presents to the emergency room as a trauma after a motor vehicle accident. The patient was a restrained passenger who collided with a drunk driver traveling approximately 45 mph. Upon impact, the passenger was able to extricate herself from the crushed car and was sitting on the ground at the scene of the accident. Her vitals are all stable. On physical exam, she is alert and oriented, speaking in complete sentences with a GCS of 15. She has a cervical spine collar in place and endorses exquisite cervical spine tenderness on palpation. Aside from her superficial abrasions on her right lower extremity, the rest of her examination including FAST exam is normal. Rapid hemoglobin testing is within normal limits. What is the next best step in management of this trauma patient?
CT cervical spine
Remove the patient’s cervical collar immediately
Discharge home and start physical therapy
Consult neurosurgery immediately
Initiate rapid sequence intubation.
A 21-year-old man presents to the emergency department after sustaining a stab wound to the neck at a local farmer's market. The patient is otherwise healthy and is complaining of pain. The patient is able to offer the history himself. His temperature is 97.6°F (36.4°C), blood pressure is 120/84 mmHg, pulse is 90/min, respirations are 15/min, and oxygen saturation is 98% on room air. Physical exam demonstrates a 3 cm laceration 1 cm inferior to the mastoid process on the right side. The patient's breath sounds are clear and he is protecting his airway. No stridor or difficulty breathing is noted. Which of the following is the most appropriate next step in the management of this patient?
Observation and blood pressure monitoring