Updated: 12/17/2021

Craniofacial Abnormalities

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https://upload.medbullets.com/topic/120137/images/bifiduvula.jpg
https://upload.medbullets.com/topic/120137/images/cleftlip.jpg
https://upload.medbullets.com/topic/120137/images/cleftpalate.jpg
https://upload.medbullets.com/topic/120137/images/macroglossia.jpg
  • Bifid Uvula
    • Most common cranialfacial abnormality
    • No clinical significance
  • Cleft lip
    • Can be bilateral or unilateral
    • Due to failure of fusion of maxillary prominences
    • Does not interfer with feeding
    • Surgical repair
  • Cleft palate
    • Can be anterior or posterior
    • Anterior due to failure of palantine shelves to fuse with primary palate
    • Posterior due to failure of palantine shelves to fuse with nasal septum
    • Intefers with feeding, requiring a special nipple for baby to feed
    • Surgical repair
  • Macroglossia
    • Congenitally enlarged tongue seen in
      • Down's Syndrome
      • Gigantism
      • congenital hypothyroidism
    • Can be acquired in
      • amyloidosis
      • acromegaly
      • Not red or inflammed like glossitis (Vit B deficiency)
    • Treat underlying cause

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