Updated: 3/3/2021

Pulmonary Medications

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Pulmonary Drug Table
 
Asthma
Name Mechanism of Action  Key Indication(s)  Key Toxicity
β-Agonists
Albuterol
  • β2-agonist
  • Acute asthma
  • COPD
  • Tachycardia
  • Hypokalemia
Salmeterol
  • Long-acting β2-agonist
  • Nonacute asthma
  • COPD
  • Dizziness
  • Headaches
  • Tachycardia
Terbutaline
  • Tocolytic
  • Nonacute asthma
  • Tachycardia
  • Headache
Leukotriene Inhibitors
Zileuton
  • 5-LOX inhibitor
  • Chronic asthma
  • Elevated liver enzymes
  • Sleep disturbance
Zafirlukast
  • Leukotriene receptor antagonist
  • Eosinophilia
  • Headache
  • Nausea
Montelukast
  • GI disturbance
  • Headache
  • Hypersensitivity reaction
  • Insomnia
Methylxanthines
Theophylline
  • PDE inhibitor
  • Adenosine antagonist
  • Asthma
  • COPD
  • Cardiotoxic
  • Neurotoxic (seizures)
Steroids (Inhaled)
Budesonide
  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Metabolized 1st pass by the liver (budesonide)
  • Asthma
  • COPD
  • Allergic rhinitis
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Upper airway irritation
  • Ulceration
  • Infection
Triamcinolone
  • Asthma
  • Sore throat
  • Nosebleeds
  • Upper airway infection
Beclomethazone
  • Cough
  • Upper airway infections
  • Headaches
Others
Cromolyn
  • Mast cell stabilizer
  • Chronic asthma
  • Allergies
  • Dry nose/throat
  • Nosebleeds
Nedocromil
  • Allergic reaction
  • Dry nose/throat
  • Nosebleeds
Ipratropium/tiotropium
  • Anti-cholinergic
  • COPD
  • Asthma
  • Dry mouth
  • Sedation

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