Updated: 12/31/2021

Pulmonary Medications

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  • Pulmonary Drug Table
    • Asthma
        • β-Agonists
        • Name
        • Mechanism of Action
        •  Key Indication(s)
        •  Key Toxicity
        • Albuterol
        • β2-agonist
        • Acute asthma
        •  COPD
        • Tachycardia
        •  Hypokalemia
        • Salmeterol
        • Long-acting β2-agonist
        • Nonacute asthma
        •  COPD
        • Dizziness
        •  Headaches
        •  Tachycardia
        • Terbutaline
        • Long-acting β2-agonist
        • Tocolytic
        •  Nonacute asthma
        • Tachycardia
        •  Headache
        • Leukotriene Inhibitors
        • Name
        • Mechanism of Action
        •  Key Indication(s)
        •  Key Toxicity
        • Zileuton
        • 5-LOX inhibitor
        • Chronic asthma
        • Elevated liver enzymes
        •  Sleep disturbance
        • Zafirlukast
        • Leukotriene receptor antagonist
        • Chronic asthma
        • Eosinophilia
        •  Headache
        •  Nausea
        • Montelukast
        • Leukotriene receptor antagonist
        • Chronic asthma
        • GI disturbance
        •  Headache
        •  Hypersensitivity reaction
        •  Insomnia
        • Methylxanthines
        • Name
        • Mechanism of Action
        •  Key Indication(s)
        •  Key Toxicity
        • Theophylline
        • PDE inhibitor
        •  Adenosine antagonist
        • Asthma
        •  COPD
        • Cardiotoxic
        •  Neurotoxic (seizures)
        • Steroids (Inhaled)
        • Name
        • Mechanism of Action
        •  Key Indication(s)
        •  Key Toxicity
        • Budesonide
        • Anti-inflammatory
        •  Metabolized 1st pass by the liver (budesonide)
        • Asthma
        •  COPD
        •  Allergic rhinitis
        •  Inflammatory bowel disease
        • Upper airway irritation
        •  Ulceration
        •  Infection
        • Triamcinolone
        • Beclomethazone
        • Anti-inflammatory
        • Metabolized 1st pass by the liver (budesonide)
        • Asthma
        • Sore throat
        •  Nosebleeds
        •  Upper airway infection
        •  Cough
        •  Headaches
        • Others
        • Name
        • Mechanism of Action
        •  Key Indication(s)
        •  Key Toxicity
        • Cromolyn
        • Mast cell stabilizer
        • Chronic asthma
        •  Allergies
        • Dry nose/throat
        •  Nosebleeds
        • Nedocromil
        • Mast cell stabilizer
        • Chronic asthma
        •  Allergies
        • Allergic reaction
        •  Dry nose/throat
        •  Nosebleeds
        • Ipratropium/tiotropium
        • Anti-cholinergic
        • COPD
        •  Asthma
        • Dry mouth
        •  Sedation
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