Although superior gluteal nerve (SGN) injury can have significant morbidity, to date, surgical strategies for its repair are scant in the literature. Specifically, neurotization options have not been explored. To address this deficiency in the literature, the current cadaveric feasibility study was performed. Via a transgluteal approach on 16 cadaveric sides, the proximal sciatic nerve and the entrance of the SGN into the gluteus medius and minimus were identified. Additionally, branches from the sciatic nerve to the hamstring muscles were traced proximally to confirm their position in relation to the sciatic nerve as a whole. These branches were cut at the level of the ischial tuberosity and teased away from the sciatic nerve proximally to the greater sciatic foramen and transferred superolateral to the SGN. The diameter of each nerve branch was measured as well as its available length for reaching the SGN. All branches of the sciatic nerve to the hamstring muscles arose from the anteromedial part of the nerve. The mean diameters of the branches to the semimembranosus, semitendinosus, and biceps femoris muscles were 2.1, 1.9, and 1.5 mm, respectively. The mean diameter of the SGN was 3.1 mm and the mean distance from this entrance point to the ischial spine was 7.2 cm. The mean length of the donor nerve was 8.5 cm. Based on our study, use of a tibial-innervated hamstring branch as a donor for nerve transfer to the SGN is feasible.





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